Wednesday, December 13, 2017

Differences Between BORDER COLLIES and COLLIES

Shasta and Flynn II
Photo by haroldmeerveld
Border Collies and Collies are dog breeds often confused with each other. Both were originally bred in England and Scotland as farming and herding dogs. Although they have some similarities, they could not be more different from each other.

The Border Collie originated near the border of Scotland and England, thus the name while standard collies are from Northern England and parts of Scotland. Borders are bred to help herd livestock and help around the farm, they are well known for their intelligence and uncanny ability to find lost members of the herd, making them unique among herding dogs. They are very energetic, athletic and agile; these characteristics combined with being smart make them sure winners in dog sports and sheepdog competitions. It is also because of these characteristics, that they need a lot of physical and mental stimulation. Living in a condo or apartment complex simply will not do for this active dog. They are intelligent working dogs that need to have a purpose and lots of activities or they can become depressed. Compared to a standard collie, they are more energetic and need a whole lot more physical activity to keep them happy.

Border Collies are medium sized dogs, weighing about 20lbs to 25lbs with a typical height ranging from 18 to 22 inches depending on the gender. They have a double coat that can be thick or slick with black and white combination as the most common color. Some other color variations include black tri-color, red tricolor, chocolate and the very rare Australian red. The main difference that border collies have with a standard collie is the length of a coat; although they have a fair amount of hair it is not nearly as long as the standard collie. Although their ears are somewhat similarly erect or partly erect, their snout is also not as long making them look more like the Australian shepherd.

Photo by ThreeDee912

The standard Collie come in two varieties, the rough coat, long-haired and the smooth coat, short-haired collie. They come in black, white, tan and red tri-color combination as well as sable. Predominantly, they have a white coat covering the neck, chest, belly, and parts of the legs and face. They are slightly taller than the Border Collie and can reach up to 25 inches. They are also much stockier and can weigh anywhere from 39 to 66 pounds depending on the gender. They are more elegant looking and graceful compared to its rough Border brother. Perhaps because of their size, they are also less active than the Border, although they still need a considerable amount of exercise.

Both dog breeds make for great working dogs, show dogs and pets. They are ideal for an active family that can provide a space for them to run and play. Border Collies and standard collies are also great with children, although they must be trained not to nip them on the ankles. This is a behavior borne out of their herding instincts. They are very loyal and protective of their families and with proper care, they can be an excellent addition to the family.

    By Lea Mullins
    Lea Mullins, a dog lover, has discussed the differences between Border Collies and Collies. Visit to learn more about different dog breeds.

    Article Source: EzineArticls

Tuesday, December 12, 2017


Duke glamor shot Beth
Photo  by Cindy Funk 
Numerous dog breeds are available in the modern day. People love having dogs as pets and companions. Old English Bulldogs refers to a breed of dog that once existed but is no extinct. It was at its prime during the 1800s. Today, there is the Olde English Bulldogge, which has the most similarities to the extinct purebred bulldog. These animals are available through breeders, pet stores and shelters around the globe, including in Tulsa, OK.

The Old English Bulldog was known for having a broad and muscular, though compact, body. Their average height was around 15 inches and most weight approximately 45 pounds. A notable characteristic of this dog was that its lower jaw protruded in front of the upper jaw, which gave it a strong grip. Historians believe that this breed was derived from war dogs of ancient times, such as old Alaunt or Mastiff breeds. Others are unsure of the origins of this breed.

Breeders worldwide are attempting to recreate this breed that is extinct. Many have become successful, although it is important to note that no recreation can be exactly like the original because the genetics of that breed is extinct. Olde English Bulldogge, also referred to as Leavitt Bulldog, is the closest available to the original bulldog. These are more athletic and lighter. The purebred dog was more aggressive, which contrasts the friendly temperament of this modern bull breed.

Olde English Bulldogge, OEB, is considered part of a new American dog breed. David Leavitt is credited with spending the 1970s creating a healthier form of this bulldog. This is one of the closest recreations to the dog that was popular in the 1800s in England and is now extinct.

To develop this breed, Leavitt crossed the English Bulldogs with American Bulldogs, Pit Bulls, and Bullmastiffs. This resulted in the Bulldogge, an athletic breed with a similar appearance to Bulldogs of the 1800s. Still, the breed has minor differences. Leavitt changed the name to Leavitt Bulldog, but many still refer to it as OEB. Furthermore, this is the name adopted by the United Kennel Club in 2014.

Bulldogges are medium in size and have a muscular frame. They are known for being strong, though agile and fluid. These animals are balanced and proportionate by most standards, with their large head matching their build and prominent shoulders. They make great companions for dog lovers. These dogs also have the agility, temperament and drive for performing different kinds of work. Most are confident, alert and friendly animals.

This animal is also known for being healthy. In fact, it is recognized as one of the healthiest modern bulldog breeds and is not believed to suffer from the same ailments as the traditional purebred versions. Still, every animal is different. People interested should do research to become well-informed about this breed.

Dog-baiting animals have been done for thousands of years, despite being outlawed. Although it is less common in the modern day, there are still people who abuse bulldog breeds by using them for dog fighting purposes. After all, this is the reason purebred Bulldogs were originally created. The extinct bull breeds: Old English Bulldog, Toy Bulldog, and Bullenbeisser. Recognized breeds that are still around: OEB, Alano Espanol, French Bulldog, Boxer, Bulldog and American Bulldog.

    About the Author: Iva Cannon

Monday, December 11, 2017

The AFGHAN HOUND History, Origin, and Breed Information

A portrait of an Afghan Hound.
A portrait of an Afghan Hound. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The Afghan Hound is a very ancient breed. This dog has been mentioned several times in the Egyptian papyruses as well as pictured in caves of Northern Afganistan more than 4,000 years ago. This beautiful sighthound was used as a shepard and hunter for many centuries, hunting such game as deer, wild boars, goats, and even wolves. They were also used by shepards as watchdogs and herders due to their fast and agile running. History: The Afghan was discovered in the west on the regions of Afganistan in during the 19th century.

These dogs were later sent to England in the later part of the century. Some say that Afghan Hounds served as guard dogs and herd dogs, which are within the capabilities of the breed as we know it. The major role of these dogs, however, was undoubtedly that of hunting. The Afganistan kings would breed a kennel of these hounds for many generations with these purposes alone.


The Afghan was discovered in the west on the regions of Afghanistan in during the 19th century. These dogs were later sent to England in the later part of the century. Some say that Afghan Hounds served as guard dogs and herd dogs, which are within the capabilities of the breed as we know it. The major role of these dogs, however, was undoubtedly that of hunting. The Afghanistan kings would breed a kennel of these hounds for many generations with these purposes alone.

The real start of the breed in the US started with the first Ghazni imports in 1931, when Zeppo Marx and his wife brought from England a bitch, Asra of Ghazni, and a dog, Westmill Omar. Asra and Omar were later acquired by Q. A. Shaw McKeans Prides Hill kennels in Massachusetts. Mr. McKean soon added a young English champion, Badshah of Ainsdart. These three - Asra, Omar and Badshah - formed the cornerstone of the breed in America.


This dog has become a luxurious pet in America and Europe due its aristocratic look. The Afghan Hound is prized and loved by many of their owners and family members. With its distinctive personality and long coat that requires regular care and maitenance, its not the breed for want to-be dog owners, but when the matchup between owner and this hound is right, there is no other dog that can equal the Afghan hound as a great and welcome addition to any family.

Aristocratic, but very sweet, loyal, affectionate and emotional, with a low dominance level. The Afghan Hound has been described as "a king of dogs." Majestic, elegant, noble and courageous, suspicious of, but not hostile to, strangers. Although resilient, they will pine if they are deprived of attention. They will do best with more mature, considerate children. At one time, the breed had a reputation for being untrustworthy, but has now been replaced by a character that, while still energetic, is said to be more agreeable to training and discipline, as they can be disobedient if allowed to do so. This breed can be problematic to housebreak.

    By John Hinkley

    Detailed info on specific large dog breed characteristics, history, origin, dog health issues and more. Visit us at for more online large dog breed specific information.

    Article Source: EzineArticles

Sunday, December 10, 2017

GERMAN SHEPHERD Puppy - Puppies of the World

German Shepherd Puppy - Puppies of the World

Saturday, December 9, 2017

Fact Sheet: GREAT DANE (Deutsche Dogge)

(Original Title: Approved Breed Standard of the Great Dane)

Looking for Rabbits
Photo by Laertes
The standard that determines a breed is a genetic blueprint that describes the ideal to which the breed applies. The breeder should always strive to produce a dog depicted by the breed standard. There is no such thing as a "perfect" dog of any breed, which is why responsible breeders work towards eliminating faults and achieving the highest possible standard. Prior to selecting a Great Dane, a novice should read carefully the standard of this breed.

If the Great Dane is for breeding purposes then it is imperative that the standard is fully understood, and that there is a strong support network consisting of other Great Dane breeders. When looking at litters take a knowledgeable friend with you and do not be afraid to ask questions when interviewing the breeder. You will find a detailed description of the complete breed standard of the Great Dane below, as approved by the American Kennel Club.

1. General Appearance of the Great Dane
The regal stature of this breed should combine strength, power, dignity, and elegance with its sheer size. The body is powerful, smoothly muscled and well-formed. As a giant working breed, its conformation is very well-balanced and it must never be clumsy. Its gait should clearly show a powerful drive coupled with a long reach. A Dane is confident, courageous, spirited, always friendly, never timid and dependable. These physical and mental characteristics give this dog the majestic appearance that is a strong standard of the breed. The dog should portray a great masculinity while the bitch should impress femininity. Any deviation from the true Dane breed type defined in this standard is a very serious flaw.

2. Size, Proportion, and Substance of the Great Dane
Any dog under the permitted height is instantly disqualified from any show. A lack of substance and coarseness of coat are equally undesirable traits.

2.1. The Male Great Dane
The male should have a larger frame, heavier bone structure and be more massive throughout than the bitch. He must appear square in the ratio between length and height. At the shoulder, his minimum height is 30 inches, but it is preferable for him to reach 32 inches or more. However, it is more important that his body is well proportioned to his height.

2.2. The Female Great Dane
The bitch is lighter and smaller than the male. In the ratio between length and height, she is square. If she is well proportioned to her height, then it is permissible for her to have a slightly longer body. At the shoulder, the female cannot be shorter than 28 inches. However, she should reach 30 inches or taller, provided she has a body that is proportionate to her height.

3. The Head of the Great Dane
It is essential that the head of the Great Dane belong, distinguished, and expressive. It is finely chiseled all around, but especially below the eyes. The head is rectangular. When looking at the head from the side, it is important that the bridge of the nose be sharply distinguished from the forehead (you want to see a very pronounced stop before the forehead shapes into the nose). The planes of the muzzle and the skull must appear a straight line and be parallel to each other. Underneath and to the inner point of the eye, the skull plate is smooth and free of bony protuberances. It should flow into a smooth square jaw with a deep muzzle. When looking at the head from the top, the sides of the skull are parallel to each other and straight. The bridge of the nose is as wide as possible. The cheek muscles are proportionate to the rectangular, parallel shape of the head and are not prominent. The tip of the nose to the center of the forehead is the same length as the center of the forehead to the rear of the head. From all sides, the head is angular and has flat planes in direct proportion to the size of the dog. The head of the male is more masculine in appearance than the delicately formed bitch. It is permissible to trim the whiskers or leave them natural.

4. The Eyes of the Great Dane
Deep set, dark, medium-sized eyes with intelligent and alert expressions are the standard of the eyes in this breed. Eye-brows are well-developed with tight, almond-shaped eyelids. Permitted are light colored eyes, different colored eyes, and walleye, but they are not encouraged. Very serious faults are haws and Mongolian eyes.

5. The Ears of the Great Dane
Set high on the head is where the ears are. They are of a moderate thickness and are medium in size. The ears are close to the cheek and folded forward. The top line of the folded ear is horizontal and level with the skull. In the days of Great Danes being wild boar hunters, injury prevention happened by cropping the ears. Wild boars used to gore them and they would get torn whilst running through thick brush. Nowadays, ears are still often cropped. If so, then the ear length is directly proportionate to the size of the head and stands erect.

6. The Nose of the Great Dane
In this breed standard, the nose is black. There are only two exceptions to this rule: in the blue Dane the nose is a dark blue-black, and a spotted black nose is permissible on the Harlequin Dane (with a pink colored nose being very undesirable). A split nose is not permitted and is cause for instant disqualification.

7. The Teeth of the Great Dane
Well developed, clean, strong teeth with full dentition are a must in the breed standard of this dog. A "scissors bite" is preferable. This means the incisors of the lower jaw lightly touch the bottom of the inner upper incisors. Misaligned teeth, crowded incisors, and even bites are faults, albeit minor ones. Overshot jaws and undershot jaws are extremely serious flaws.

8. The Neck, Topline, and Body of the Great Dane
The neck is well arched, high set, firm, long and muscular. The underline of the neck is clean. It should widen and flow smoothly into the withers from the nape. The withers must slope smoothly into a broad, short level back. A deep, wide, well-muscled chest devoid of a pronounced sternum is desirable. The Great Dane should have well-sprung ribs, and the brisket should extend to the elbow. The underline of the body must have a well-defined tuck-up and be tightly muscled. The croup should slope slightly and be broad. A high set tail that flows smoothly into the croup and continues into the spine, should sit a little lower than the level of the back. The base of the tail is broad and tapers evenly down to the hock joint. The tail should fall straight down at rest, and curve slightly when running or excited. However, the curve should never rise above the level of the back. Ring or hooked tails are serious faults and a docked tail is a reason for immediate disqualification.

Photo by NJClicks

9. The Fore-quarters of the Great Dane
When viewed from the side, the fore-quarters are strong and muscular. The shoulder-blade should form as near a right angle as possible where it slopes into the upper arm. There is a perpendicular line from the upper tip of the shoulder to the back of the elbow joint. Well developed, firm and securely attached muscles and ligaments must prevent loose shoulders and hold the shoulder-blade to the rib cage. The length of the upper arm is the same as the length of the shoulder-blade. The elbow is directly halfway between the withers and the ground. The pasterns are strong and should slope slightly. The feet are compact, rounded and have well-arched toes. Toes are straight and do not toe either in or out. There is no rolling of the toes inside or outside. Nails are as dark as possible, strong and kept short. The only time nails are lighter is in the Harlequin Dane. The dewclaw is often removed if desired.

10. The Hindquarters of the Great Dane
The hindquarters should portray strength and width. They are muscular and defined. When viewed from behind, the hock joints are straight and may not turn toward the inside or the outside. As with the front feet, the rear feet are well arched, rounded and straight. They may not toe either in or out. Nails are strong, kept short and are as dark as possible in color. In harlequin Danes, it is permissible for them to have a lighter shade. Wolf claws are undesirable and are serious faults.

11. The Coat of the Great Dane
The coat is glossy and smooth in appearance. It is thick, short and clean.

12. Patterns, Markings, and Colours of the Great Dane

12.1. Fawn Danes
The color fawn is yellow gold. Ideally, the fawn Dane wears a black mask. The rims of the eyes and the eyebrows are black. Often black appears on the ears and the tip of the tail. White markings on the chest or toes (socks) are not desired, and neither are dirty colored black-fronted fawns.

12.2. Brindle Danes
In the brindle Dane, the base color is yellow gold. This is always brindled in a chevron pattern of strong black cross stripes. The brindle Dane should have a black mask, with black appearing on the eyebrows and rims of the eyes. Black may also appear on the tips of the ears and tail. The deeper the base color and the more even and distinct the brindle, the more desired will be the color. It is not desired that they have too much or too little of the brindle coloring. White toes and white markings on the chest are undesirable, along with a black-fronted, dirty colored brindle.

12.3. Blue Danes
Blue Danes are only a pure steel-blue. No other coloring is even considered. It is not desired that the blue Dane have white markings on either the chest or on the toes.

12.4. Black Danes
The black Dane is a pure glossy black. White chest or toe markings are very undesirable.

12.5. Harlequin Danes
In the Harlequin Dane, the base color is a pure, clean white with irregularly, well-distributed black torn patches covering the entire body. It is preferable for the Harlequin Dane to have a completely white neck. The black markings must never be so big that the dog looks like it is wearing a blanket, nor should they be so small that they create a dappled or stippled look. A few small grey patches may occur, as well as a white coat with single black hairs showing through. However, this is not encouraged as it tends to give the dog a salt and pepper look and has a dirty effect, which is most undesired.

Any deviation in color or markings as described above shall be faulted according to its severity. Should a Great Dane fall outside the standard color classifications, it is grounds for instant disqualification. For example, a pure white Dane is definitely not of the breed standard. Usually, a white dog is born blind, often deaf and sometimes both. It is a rare genetic defect that causes them to have a snow-white coat. They are promptly sterilized and never used in any breeding program.

13. The Gait of the Great Dane
The gait of this breed should exude strength. It is powerful with long, easy strides that do not allow for rolling, bouncing or tossing of the body or topline. The line of the back is level and parallel to the ground. The long reach should allow for the front paw to make contact with the ground just below the nose, while the head is then carried forward. The powerful rear drive balances the forward reach. There is a natural tendency for the legs to converge in the centreline of balance underneath the body as speed increases. The elbows or hock joints should not twist in or out while the dog is in motion.

14. Temperament of the Great Dane
Confident, spirited, courageous, always friendly, dependable, never timid, never aggressive and very loyal is the ideal temperament of this breed.
When showing a Great Dane, the breed standard is of utmost importance. When choosing a puppy, be aware of the breed standard. The only breed a dog when fully confident that you understand this. Great Danes with minimum height, having split colored noses, docked tails, or not falling into any group described in "Patterns, Markings or Colours" will be instantly disqualified.